Lab #05 - Deploy the application components as Docker services
Our sleep application is becoming very popular on the internet (due to hitting Reddit and HN). People just love it. So, you are going to have to scale your application to meet peak demand. You will have to do this across multiple hosts for high availability too. We will use the concept of Services to scale our application easily and manage many containers as a single entity.
Services were a new concept in Docker 1.12. They work with swarms and are intended for long-running containers.
Let’s deploy sleep as a Service across our Docker Swarm.
$ docker service create --name sleep-app ubuntu sleep infinity k70j90k9cp5n2bxsq72tjdmxs overall progress: 1 out of 1 tasks 1/1: running verify: Service converged
Verify that the service create has been received by the Swarm manager.
$ docker service ls ID NAME MODE REPLICAS IMAGE PORTS k70j90k9cp5n sleep-app replicated 1/1 ubuntu:latest
The state of the service may change a couple times until it is running. The image is being downloaded from Docker Store to the other engines in the Swarm. Once the image is downloaded the container goes into a running state on one of the three nodes.
At this point it may not seem that we have done anything very differently than just running a docker run. We have again deployed a single container on a single host. The difference here is that the container has been scheduled on a swarm cluster.
Well done. You have deployed the sleep-app to your new Swarm using Docker services.
Scaling the Application
Demand is crazy! Everybody loves your sleep app! It’s time to scale out.
One of the great things about services is that you can scale them up and down to meet demand. In this step you’ll scale the service up and then back down.
You will perform the following procedure from node1.
Scale the number of containers in the sleep-app service to 7 with the docker service update –replicas 7 sleep-app command. Replicas is the term we use to describe identical containers providing the same service.
$ docker service update --replicas 7 sleep-app sleep-app overall progress: 7 out of 7 tasks 1/7: running 2/7: running 3/7: running 4/7: running 5/7: running 6/7: running 7/7: running verify: Service converged
$ docker service ls ID NAME MODE REPLICAS IMAGE PORTS k70j90k9cp5n sleep-app replicated 7/7 ubuntu:latest
The Swarm manager schedules so that there are 7 sleep-app containers in the cluster. These will be scheduled evenly across the Swarm members.
We are going to use the docker service ps sleep-app command. If you do this quick enough after using the –replicas option you can see the containers come up in real time.
$ docker service ps sleep-app ID NAME IMAGE NODE DESIRED STATE CURRENT STATE ERROR PORTS bv6ofc6x6moq sleep-app.1 ubuntu:latest manager1 Running Running 6 minutes ago 5gj1ql7sjt14 sleep-app.2 ubuntu:latest manager2 Running Running about a minute ago p01z0tchepwa sleep-app.3 ubuntu:latest worker2 Running Running about a minute ago x3kwnjcwxnb0 sleep-app.4 ubuntu:latest worker2 Running Running about a minute ago c98vxyeefmru sleep-app.5 ubuntu:latest manager1 Running Running about a minute ago kwmey288bkhp sleep-app.6 ubuntu:latest manager3 Running Running about a minute ago vu78hp6bhauq sleep-app.7 ubuntu:latest worker1 Running Running about a minute ago
Notice that there are now 7 containers listed. It may take a few seconds for the new containers in the service to all show as RUNNING. The NODE column tells us on which node a container is running.
Scale the service back down to just four containers with the docker service update –replicas 4 sleep-app command.
$ docker service update --replicas 4 sleep-app sleep-app overall progress: 4 out of 4 tasks 1/4: running 2/4: running 3/4: running 4/4: running verify: Service converged
[manager1] (local) email@example.com ~/dockerlabs/intermediate/swarm $ docker service ps sleep-app ID NAME IMAGE NODE DESIRED STATE CURRENT STATE ERROR PORTS bv6ofc6x6moq sleep-app.1 ubuntu:latest manager1 Running Running 7 minutes ago 5gj1ql7sjt14 sleep-app.2 ubuntu:latest manager2 Running Running 2 minutes ago p01z0tchepwa sleep-app.3 ubuntu:latest worker2 Running Running 2 minutes ago kwmey288bkhp sleep-app.6 ubuntu:latest manager3 Running Running 2 minutes ago
You have successfully scaled a swarm service up and down.
Next » Lab06 - Drain a Node and Reschedule the Containers